Before looking into the technologies used in the android application development lets have a short introduction of android. It is an operating system that is installed mostly in the Smartphones.
android was originally found in Palo Alto by the year 2003. Later in 2005 Google bought the rights of android. Google also started to release the android with various versions starting from Android 1.1 on feb 2009 to Android 3.0 Honeycomb on may 2011.
The technologies used behind the android application development are OS, Language and hardware components. The OS used is absolutely android and the programming languages used for developing the android apps are Java, C, C++, python and so on. The software development kit is used to create the applications. It can be downloaded from the Internet and installed in the PC's. The SDK kit consists of API libraries, sample codes, emulator and tools required to create, test and build the android apps.
The latest in the android SDK platform is the SDK kit 4.1. Eclipse is the IDE released by the Google to support the SDK. Google updates the tool with the latest versions so that the android application development firm can use the updated version to develop the applications. On the other side the developers has to handle the tools effectively to create the applications uniquely. Users often prefer the unique applications.
There are various firms offering the android apps development at the affordable cost. Users has to opt the best firm that offers the android applications developed within the prescribed time limit and budget. Thus the android apps development has made a sound progress in the mobile application development field.